A pleasant surprise to come upon literally right outside the door. Wild Orchids in June bloom, in the garden. There have been a few the last few years on the roadside verge down the lane, but this year they seem to have finally made the way into the wild garden at home. Not masses but a few here and there in amongst the big daisies and tall grass, and by the hedgerow.
Pinks, purples and whites amongst the green. There are well over 20,000 known species of orchid around the world, in context that is more than double the number of bird species known. The ones here in the garden (Cumbria) are Common Spotted Orchids (Dactylorhiza Fuschii). The name is misleading, yes it is the most common type of wild orchid found in the UK they are still relatively endangered, and even when protected on nature reserves some unthinking people have been known to unfortunately dig them up and steal them. They grow up to about 60 cm tall, a spire of petals starting from June.
Due to the rich variety of species some orchids look extremely like others. A lot of people coming across the Common Spotted Orchid can believe they have found a rarer Heath Spotted Orchid. Both have the pinks, lilacs or even all white making even harder distinctions, or even hybrids. There are a few ways to tell the difference, but I would look at the flower petals.
1. The three lobes of the bottom lip – The Heath Spotted Orchid are normally longer and wider than the middle one.
2. The Common Spotted Orchid has more defined coloured loops (normally two), a landing strip guide for pollinating insects. The Heath Spotted Orchid has more broken up or spotted lines/marks there.
I have said before I am far removed from being a ‘gardener’, but it is true I enjoy wandering amongst the fields and garden looking for the small things that bring colour and life to the world. A wild garden is a more perfect fit for me 😉 Each year new surprises and new flowers springing up, insects all around. A place for practicing macro photography without travelling far at all! I wonder what else will appear this summer, more soon to show I am sure.